Italy Mosaic

Thanks to the mosaics are known not only ethical and aesthetic foundations of Roman society (an idea of these bases can be from published sources), but also portraits historic figures, styles of clothing, parts of the chariot and the ship, the appearance of horse breeds and dogs, some information about the habitats of wild animals. In the Roman mosaic masters had a tradition of sign the key actors in important scenes, and often it is for these signatures received their modern names monuments of the ancient Roman architecture. The durability of Roman mosaics provided the material used – Basically cubes of different types of stone, although a significant role was played by the binder material, and the technique of direct recruitment of mosaics, fabric art when going straight for the place without any additional transportation. Assembly puzzle, although it was quite time-consuming job, passed quickly enough – the old masters have worked normally with the entire team of pupils and apprentices. While the master lecturing main artistic center of the composition or some important scenes, his aides filled the background.

In the background is usually picked up marble and white stone, and laid out his specific pattern of arches, or arches, which broke the monotony of space, giving the whole mosaic of naturalness and ease. Development of various technologies in ancient Rome, among other achievements revealed artistic potential of glass and glass products. Gradually transparent and opaque glass steel used in the mosaic. By the time the change in the political and economic situations to shift the center of fine arts from Rome to Byzantium. Comes the second “golden age” mosaic, smalt century, the era of huge dome mosaics on the topic of Christianity. Roman mosaics were also hardier most of the palaces and villas, the center of interiors that once were.

Destruction and looting by troops aliens, barbarians often do not harm the mosaics, especially the floor. At first they were covered with mud, then overgrown land, and if the large rocks – the remains of buildings dragged the local residents for their needs, mosaics remained under alluvial layer intact. Modern archaeological work in Italy, Turkey, Tunisia, regularly bring new discoveries of Roman mosaics that have preserved the magnificent paintings for centuries and millennia. Huge mosaic compositions are admired and even reverence for the skill of great artists of the great empire, and also add another bar in the perception of the mosaic as the eternal and beautiful art.