Sjogrens Syndrome

Sjogren’s syndrome is a chronic disease autoimmune, in which the immune system turns against the body’s own cells. Normally, the immune system works to protect us from diseases through the destruction of harmful bacteria and viruses invading organisms. In the case of Sjogren’s syndrome, the disease-fighting cells attack the glands that produce tears and saliva. Damage to these glands prevents them from working properly and causes dryness in the eyes and mouth. Other parts of the body may be also affected, such as the kidneys, gastrointestinal system, blood vessels, lungs, pancreas, liver, and central nervous system. Patients may also experience extreme fatigue and pain in the joints and have a higher risk of developing lymphoma.Sjogren’s syndrome is an autoimmune inflammatory disease that may occur as a primary condition that is it occurs alone, or as a secondary condition, along with another rheumatic disease.

In the early 1900s, Henrik Sjogren, a Swedish doctor described women with chronic infection with symptoms of arthritis which also had dry eyes and dry mouth. Sjogren’s syndrome is named after Dr. Sjogren. Since then much more has been learned about the syndrome and how to treat it. Cause of Sjogren’s syndrome: the cause of Sjogren’s syndrome is unknown. However, it is recognized as an autoimmune disease, and according to the American College of Rheumatology, genetic factors, and possibly viral infections may increase the risk of developing sindromede Sjogren. Hormones may also be a factor. Women are more vulnerable to this disease since every ten patients nine are women. Symptoms associated with Sjogren’s syndrome: according to the syndrome of Sjogren’s Foundation (SSF), symptoms may include: dry eyes, burning, feels that it has something in the eye, difficulty chewing, swallowing and speaking pain in the tongue or cracked dry throat, burning throat loss of sense of taste and smell Caries oral infections by candida joint pain difficulties digestive dryness of nostrils and skin fatigue swelling of the glands around the face how is Sjogren’s syndrome diagnosed? Doctors use various ways of diagnosing Sjogren: medical history physical examination some evidence of eyes and mouth blood tests.